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Proceedings Paper

Joint reconstruction of activity and attenuation map using LM SPECT emission data
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Paper Abstract

Attenuation and scatter correction in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging often requires a computed tomography (CT) scan to compute the attenuation map of the patient. This results in increased radiation dose for the patient, and also has other disadvantages such as increased costs and hardware complexity. Attenuation in SPECT is a direct consequence of Compton scattering, and therefore, if the scattered photon data can give information about the attenuation map, then the CT scan may not be required. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of joint reconstruction of the activity and attenuation map using list- mode (LM) SPECT emission data, including the scattered-photon data. We propose a path-based formalism to process scattered-photon data. Following this, we derive analytic expressions to compute the Cram´er-Rao bound (CRB) of the activity and attenuation map estimates, using which, we can explore the fundamental limit of information-retrieval capacity from LM SPECT emission data. We then suggest a maximum-likelihood (ML) scheme that uses the LM emission data to jointly reconstruct the activity and attenuation map. We also propose an expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm to compute the ML solution.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86681W (19 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2008111
Show Author Affiliations
Abhinav K. Jha, College of Optical Sciences, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Eric Clarkson, College of Optical Sciences, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Matthew A. Kupinski, College of Optical Sciences, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Harrison H. Barrett, College of Optical Sciences, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Univ. of Arizona (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8668:
Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging
Robert M. Nishikawa; Bruce R. Whiting; Christoph Hoeschen, Editor(s)

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