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Proceedings Paper

Frequency-domain multisource optical spectrometer and oximeter
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Paper Abstract

We have designed and constructed a near-infrared spectrometer for the non-invasive optical study of biological tissue. This instrument works in the frequency-domain and employs multiple source-detector distances to recover the absorption coefficient ((mu) (alpha )) and the reduced scattering coefficient ((mu) s') of tissue. The light sources are eight light emitting diodes (LEDs) whose intensities are modulated at a frequency of 120 MHz. Four LEDs emit light at a peak wavelength of 715 nm ((lambda) 1), while the other four LEDs emit at a peak wavelength of 850 nm ((lambda) 2). From the frequency-domain raw data of phase, dc intensity, and ac amplitude obtained from each one of the eight light sources, which are located at different distances from the detector fiber, we calculate (mu) (alpha ) and (mu) s' at the two wavelengths (lambda) 1 and (lambda) 2. The concentrations of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin, and hence hemoglobin saturation, are then derived from the known extinction coefficients of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin at (lambda) 1 and (lambda) 2. The statistical error in the measurement of the optical coefficients due to instrument noise is about 1 - 2%. The accuracy in the determination of the absolute value of the optical coefficients is within 10 - 20%. Preliminary results obtained in vivo on the forearm of a volunteer during an ischemia measurement protocol are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 January 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2326, Photon Transport in Highly Scattering Tissue, (31 January 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.200811
Show Author Affiliations
Sergio Fantini, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (USA) and Istituto di Elettronica Quantistica/CNR (Italy)
Maria-Angela Franceschini, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (USA) and Istituto di Elettronica Quantistica/CNR (Italy)
John S. Maier, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Scott A. Walker, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Enrico Gratton, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2326:
Photon Transport in Highly Scattering Tissue
Sigrid Avrillier; Britton Chance; Gerhard J. Mueller; Alexander V. Priezzhev; Valery V. Tuchin, Editor(s)

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