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Proceedings Paper

Proposing a new velocity profile for continuous x-ray tube motion in digital breast tomosynthesis
Author(s): Raymond J. Acciavatti; Predrag R. Bakic; Andrew D. A. Maidment
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Paper Abstract

In digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a 3D image of the breast is generated from x-ray projections at various angles. There are two mechanisms for acquiring projection images in DBT, step-and-shoot motion and continuous tube motion. The benefit of continuous tube motion is shorter scan time and hence less patient motion; the trade-off is focal spot blurring. To minimize focal spot blurring in a system with continuous tube motion, this study proposes a new velocity profile for the x-ray tube during the scan. Unlike existing systems for which the x-ray tube has constant angular velocity, we investigate a smoothly-varying tube velocity that approaches zero during each projection and is larger between projections. With this unique design, the filtered backprojection reconstruction of a sinusoidal test object was calculated, and modulation was determined at various frequencies. It is shown that the newly proposed tube velocity yields increased modulation in the reconstruction relative to a conventional system with continuous tube motion. The modulation in the re-designed system differs minimally from an analogous step-and-shoot system operated with the same scan time. This improvement in image quality was validated with reconstructions of microcalcifications in computer breast phantoms. It is known that continuous tube motion reduces the contrast of microcalcifications relative to stepand-shoot systems; we show that the newly proposed tube motion increases the contrast of microcalcifications compared to conventional continuous tube motion. In conclusion, this work proposes a strategy for optimizing the velocity of tube motion in DBT.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86680F (19 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007764
Show Author Affiliations
Raymond J. Acciavatti, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Predrag R. Bakic, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Andrew D. A. Maidment, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8668:
Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging
Robert M. Nishikawa; Bruce R. Whiting; Christoph Hoeschen, Editor(s)

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