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Proceedings Paper

In vivo imaging of tumor vascular endothelial cells
Author(s): Dawen Zhao; Jason H. Stafford; Heling Zhou; Philip E. Thorpe
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Paper Abstract

Phosphatidylserine (PS), normally restricted to the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane, becomes exposed on the outer surface of viable (non-apoptotic) endothelial cells in tumor blood vessels, probably in response to oxidative stresses present in the tumor microenvironment. In the present study, we optically imaged exposed PS on tumor vasculature in vivo using PGN635, a novel human monoclonal antibody that targets PS. PGN635 F(ab’)2 was labeled with the near infrared (NIR) dye, IRDye 800CW. Human glioma U87 cells or breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were implanted subcutaneously or orthotopically into nude mice. When the tumors reached ~5 mm in diameter, 800CW- PGN635 was injected via a tail vein and in vivo dynamic NIR imaging was performed. For U87 gliomas, NIR imaging allowed clear detection of tumors as early as 4 h later, which improved over time to give a maximal tumor/normal ratio (TNR = 2.9 ± 0.5) 24 h later. Similar results were observed for orthotopic MDA-MB-231 breast tumors. Localization of 800CW-PGN635 to tumors was antigen specific since 800CW-Aurexis, a control probe of irrelevant specificity, did not localize to the tumors, and pre-administration of unlabeled PGN635 blocked the uptake of 800CW-PGN635. Fluorescence microscopy confirmed that 800CW-PGN635 was binding to PS-positive tumor vascular endothelium. Our studies suggest that tumor vasculature can be successfully imaged in vivo to provide sensitive tumor detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 February 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8596, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications V, 859603 (21 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007291
Show Author Affiliations
Dawen Zhao, The Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Ctr. (United States)
Jason H. Stafford, The Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Ctr. (United States)
Heling Zhou, The Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Ctr. (United States)
Philip E. Thorpe, The Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8596:
Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications V
Samuel Achilefu; Ramesh Raghavachari, Editor(s)

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