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Proceedings Paper

Automatic measurement of wrist synovitis from contrast-enhanced MRI: a registration-centered approach
Author(s): Peter Mysling; Sune Darkner; Jon Sporring; Erik Dam; Martin Lillholm
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Paper Abstract

MRI-determined measurement of synovial inflammation (synovitis) from hand MRIs has recently gained considerable popularity as a secondary marker in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical trials. The currently accepted scoring systems are, however, purely semi-quantitative and rely on assessment from a trained radiologist. We propose a novel, fully automatic technique for quantitative wrist synovitis measurement from two MRIs acquired before and after contrast agent injection. The technique estimates the volume of the synovial inflammation in three steps. First, the wrist synovial membrane is segmented using multi-atlas B-spline based freeform registration. Second, positioning differences between the pre- and post-contrast acquisitions are corrected by rigid registration. Finally, wrist synovitis is quantified from the difference between the pre- and post-contrast sequences in the region of the segmented synovium. We evaluate the proposed technique on a data set of nineteen patients with acquisitions at two time points in a leave-one-patient-out fashion. Our experiments show that we are able to perform synovitis measurement with good correlation to manual semi-quantitative RAMRIS scores for both static (r=0.84) and longitudinal (r=0.87) scoring. These results compare favorably to the RAMRIS inter-observer variability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 86692U (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006201
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Mysling, Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark)
Sune Darkner, Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark)
Jon Sporring, Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark)
Erik Dam, Biomediq AS (Denmark)
Martin Lillholm, Biomediq AS (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8669:
Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing
Sebastien Ourselin; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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