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Proceedings Paper

Light dosimetry and dose verification for pleural PDT
Author(s): Andreea Dimofte; Anna V. Sharikova; Julia L. Meo; Charles B. Simone; Joseph S. Friedberg; Timothy C. Zhu
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Paper Abstract

In-vivo light dosimetry for patients undergoing photodynamic therapy (PDT) is critical for predicting PDT outcome. Patients in this study are enrolled in a Phase I clinical trial of HPPH-mediated PDT for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with pleural effusion. They are administered 4mg per kg body weight HPPH 48 hours before the surgery and receive light therapy with a fluence of 15-45 J/cm2 at 661 and 665nm. Fluence rate (mW/cm2) and cumulative fluence (J/cm2) are monitored at 7 sites during the light treatment delivery using isotropic detectors. Light fluence (rate) delivered to patients is examined as a function of treatment time, volume and surface area. In a previous study, a correlation between the treatment time and the treatment volume and surface area was established. However, we did not include the direct light and the effect of the shape of the pleural surface on the scattered light. A real-time infrared (IR) navigation system was used to separate the contribution from the direct light. An improved expression that accurately calculates the total fluence at the cavity wall as a function of light source location, cavity geometry and optical properties is determined based on theoretical and phantom studies. The theoretical study includes an expression for light fluence rate in an elliptical geometry instead of the spheroid geometry used previously. The calculated light fluence is compared to the measured fluence in patients of different cavity geometries and optical properties. The result can be used as a clinical guideline for future pleural PDT treatment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8568, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXII, 85680V (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004941
Show Author Affiliations
Andreea Dimofte, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Anna V. Sharikova, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Julia L. Meo, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Charles B. Simone, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Joseph S. Friedberg, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Timothy C. Zhu, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8568:
Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXII
David H. Kessel; Tayyaba Hasan, Editor(s)

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