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Proceedings Paper

Optical imaging of oxidative stress in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in rodent model
Author(s): Zahra Ghanian; Sepideh Maleki; Sandeep Gopalakrishnan; Reyhaneh Sepehr; Janis T. Eells; Mahsa Ranji
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Paper Abstract

Oxidative stress (OS), which increases during retinal degenerative disorders, contributes to photoreceptor cell loss. The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in the metabolic state of the eye tissue in rodent models of retinitis pigmentosa by using the cryofluorescence imaging technique. The mitochondrial metabolic coenzymes NADH and FADH2 are autofluorescent and can be monitored without exogenous labels using optical techniques. The NADH redox ratio (RR), which is the ratio of the fluorescence intensity of these fluorophores (NADH/FAD), was used as a quantitative diagnostic marker. The NADH RR was examined in an established rodent model of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), the P23H rat, and compared to that of control Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and P23H NIR treated rats. Our results demonstrated 24% decrease in the mean NADH RR of the eyes from P23H transgenic rats compared to normal rats and 20% increase in the mean NADH RR of the eyes from the P23H NIR treated rats compared to P23H non-treated rats.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 February 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8591, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XIII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics, 85910S (25 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004843
Show Author Affiliations
Zahra Ghanian, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
Sepideh Maleki, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
Sandeep Gopalakrishnan, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
Reyhaneh Sepehr, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
Janis T. Eells, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
Mahsa Ranji, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8591:
Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XIII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics
Gerard L. Coté, Editor(s)

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