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Proceedings Paper

Electrostatic MEMS resonating micro-polygonal scanner for circumferential endoscopic bio-imaging
Author(s): Xiaojing Mu; Guangya Zhou; Hongbin Yu; Julius Ming-Lin Tsai; Wee Keong Neo; A Senthil Kumar; Fook Siong Chau
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Paper Abstract

An electrostatically-driven microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) based pyramidal-polygonal micro-scanner is developed for circumferential-scanning endoscopic probes. In this paper, an endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe is proposed, which utilizes multiple parallel incident light beams to drastically reduce the required mechanical rotation angle to achieve near 360-degree circumferential scanning. Manual assembly is employed to construct this micro scanner, which combines a silicon micromachined MEMS actuator with four sets of electrostatic comb-drives and a polymer-based pyramidal-polygonal micro-reflector. The pyramidal-polygonal micro-reflector is developed using a combination of high-precision diamond turning and soft lithography molding technologies. The measured average surface roughness and root-mean-square roughness of the diamond turned mold are 7.02 nm and 9.02 nm respectively, and those of the PDMS casted polygon micro-reflector with an Au coating are 48.95 nm and 61.90 nm respectively. Since near-infrared light sources with wavelengths ranging from 930 nm to 1550 nm are typically utilized for OCT applications, the surface roughness of the polygon reflector is better than λ/10 of the operating wavelength indicating that its quality meets the requirement of the OCT bio-imaging applications. An overall optical scan angle of near-360 degrees is demonstrated experimentally at a resonant frequency of 180 Hz with 80 Vpp ac driving voltage. The proposed MEMS scanner offers an alternative solution for circumferential scanning in endoscopic OCT probes owing to its advantages of compact design, fast scanning speed and low operational power consumption.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8616, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII, 861606 (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2003972
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaojing Mu, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
A*STAR Institute of Microelectronics (Singapore)
Guangya Zhou, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
Hongbin Yu, A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (Singapore)
Julius Ming-Lin Tsai, A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (Singapore)
Wee Keong Neo, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
A Senthil Kumar, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
Fook Siong Chau, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8616:
MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII
Wibool Piyawattanametha; Yong-Hwa Park, Editor(s)

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