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Proceedings Paper

Sensor performance and weather effects modeling for intelligent transportation systems (ITS) applications
Author(s): Jeffrey H. Everson; Edward W. Kopala; Laurence E. Lazofson; Howard C. Choe; Dean A. Pomerleau
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Paper Abstract

Optical sensors are used for several ITS applications, including lateral control of vehicles, traffic sign recognition, car following, autonomous vehicle navigation, and obstacle detection. This paper treats the performance assessment of a sensor/image processor used as part of an on-board countermeasure system to prevent single vehicle roadway departure crashes. Sufficient image contrast between objects of interest and backgrounds is an essential factor influencing overall system performance. Contrast is determined by material properties affecting reflected/radiated intensities, as well as weather and visibility conditions. This paper discusses the modeling of these parameters and characterizes the contrast performance effects due to reduced visibility. The analysis process first involves generation of inherent road/off- road contrasts, followed by weather effects as a contrast modification. The sensor is modeled as a charge coupled device (CCD), with variable parameters. The results of the sensor/weather modeling are used to predict the performance on an in-vehicle warning system under various levels of adverse weather. Software employed in this effort was previously developed for the U.S. Air Force Wright Laboratory to determine target/background detection and recognition ranges for different sensor systems operating under various mission scenarios.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 January 1995
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2344, Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems, (6 January 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.198910
Show Author Affiliations
Jeffrey H. Everson, Battelle Memorial Institute (United States)
Edward W. Kopala, Battelle Memorial Institute/Columbus Div. (United States)
Laurence E. Lazofson, Battelle Memorial Institute/Columbus Div. (United States)
Howard C. Choe, Battelle Memorial Institute/Columbus Div. (United States)
Dean A. Pomerleau, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2344:
Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems
Richard J. Becherer, Editor(s)

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