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Proceedings Paper

Standardized measurements methods for analyzing electrostatically charged toners
Author(s): Reinhold H. Epping; Martin Mehlin; Manfred Muenz
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Paper Abstract

The analysis of the physical condition of the developer in the copier during the copying process requires a lot of time and much technical expenditure and sometimes also a limited modification of the equipment. The knowledge of changes in time and place in the condition of the developer in the development zone is, however, essential for understanding the proceedings while electrostatic picture reproductions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1990
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 1252, Hard Copy and Printing Technologies, (1 May 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.19776
Show Author Affiliations
Reinhold H. Epping, PES Lab. (Germany)
Martin Mehlin, PES Lab. and Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany)
Manfred Muenz, PES Lab. and Technische Univ. Muenchen (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1252:
Hard Copy and Printing Technologies
Ken-Ichi Shimazu, Editor(s)

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