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Proceedings Paper

Influence of different laser wavelengths on the ablation characteristics of healthy dentin
Author(s): Peter Rechmann; Thomas Hennig
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Paper Abstract

Engaging four different pulsed laser systems emitting in the near ultraviolet (wavelength 355 nm, wavelength 377 nm), in the near infrared (wavelength 755 nm), and in the mid infrared (wavelength 2.9 micrometers ) spectral region ablation thresholds of healthy dentin were determined. During experiments with an Alexandrite-laser (wavelengths 377 nm and 755 nm) a pulse duration of 200 ns was used, whereas at wavelength 355 nm pulse duration was fixed at 9 ns and at wavelength 2.9 micrometers pulse duration was set to 200 ns again. Using laser wavelengths which are well absorbed by the target (near UV, mid infrared) two well defined ablation thresholds could be detected. Due to low absorption of near infrared wavelengths in healthy dentin, high fluences must be engaged for ablation of healthy dentin. In this spectral region only a more or less statistically appearing ablation threshold can be observed. Caused by high fluences unpredictable plasma formation takes place. Even so, short pulse duration leads to high peak power, thus originating plasma.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 December 1994
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2327, Medical Applications of Lasers II, (23 December 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.197591
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Rechmann, Heinrich Heine Univ. (Germany)
Thomas Hennig, Heinrich Heine Univ. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2327:
Medical Applications of Lasers II
Stephen G. Bown; J. Escourrou; Frank Frank; Herbert J. Geschwind; Guilhem Godlewski; Frederic Laffitte; Hans H. Scherer, Editor(s)

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