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Proceedings Paper

Optimizing 0.25-um lithography using confocal microscopy
Author(s): Robert E. Colgan; Herschel M. Marchman
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Paper Abstract

With a 325 nm confocal microscope including a 0.95 N.A. lens and special threshold algorithms, linewidths to 0.25 micrometers and below are easily imaged without special preparation or harm to the sample. The enhanced resolution of a 325 nm laser system provides a point resolution of approximately 0.2 micrometers . This resolution is achieved by the tightly focused beam and the symmetrical arrangement of the laser and photomultiplier system. The point resolution of a confocal microscope is about 30% better than a conventional scope. In this new study, we have developed a unique 2-stage calibration technique to extend the range of the 325 nm confocal microscope below 0.2 micrometers and were able to use the system to optimize a new 0.25 micrometers lithography process. This paper presents data that qualified at 0.25 micrometers linewidth wafer process using a SiScan IIATM confocal laser microscope (now offered by Optical Associates, Inc.) with a 325 nm imaging laser and correlating the results against other instruments. This was a single layer process where the metrology resolution and precision were shown to be below 5 nm, 3 sigma. Very repeatable results were obtained when using bottom focus and center out measurement algorithms. In addition to wafers processing, this system is an excellent metrology tool for reticles and photomasks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 December 1994
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2322, 14th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology and Management, (7 December 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.195829
Show Author Affiliations
Robert E. Colgan, Optical Associates, Inc. (United States)
Herschel M. Marchman, AT&T Bell Labs. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2322:
14th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology and Management
William L. Brodsky; Gilbert V. Shelden, Editor(s)

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