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Proceedings Paper

Analysis of the W. M. Keck telescope primary mirror control loop
Author(s): Jorge Llacer; Richard C. Jared; Josep M. Fuertes
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Paper Abstract

The Primary Mirror Active Control System (ACS) of the W.M. Keck Telescope has as its main function the maintenance of the mirror figure of the 36-segment primary mirror under the changing effects of gravity, temperature, and other low frequency perturbations. The ACS is a multivariate control loop that can be represented in a diagonalized form, provided that segment actuator motions only excite oscillations in its corresponding whiffletree (tying an actuator to a mirror segment), with no coupling to the other whiffletrees in the same segment mirror. Since whiffletree oscillations are expected to occur at frequencies above the bandpass of the control system, the assumption is expected to be valid for the purpose of analyzing the stability and response of the ACS under the expected low frequency perturbations. The results of a one-dimensional simulation, justified by the diagonalized form of the problem, will be presented showing the conditions for stability, the system response to desired changes and the advantages of using feed-forward. A verification of the theoretical results will be presented for an actual actuator coupled to a sensor controlled by a one-dimensional version of the ACS software. Also based on the diagonalized form, a study of noise coupling, equivalent system bandwidth and matrix noise magnification factor will be presented. The effect of the feed-back control loop on the telescope mis image radius caused by sensor noise will be calculated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1990
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 1236, Advanced Technology Optical Telescopes IV, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.19271
Show Author Affiliations
Jorge Llacer, Lawrence Berkeley Lab. (United States)
Richard C. Jared, Lawrence Berkeley Lab. (United States)
Josep M. Fuertes, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1236:
Advanced Technology Optical Telescopes IV
Lawrence D. Barr, Editor(s)

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