Proceedings PaperOptically active sol-gel microspheres for flat-panel color displays
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By the end of 1994, flat-panel displays for lap-top computers and televisions will exceed $4.0 billion in total sales. Currently, most such displays are based entirely upon an advanced liquid crystal technology requiring several precisely aligned LC layers. A new technology for flat- panel displays, based upon the solid-state luminescence of sol-gel derived microspheres has been proposed. Silica gel-derived microspheres can be prepared at near ambient temperatures, doped with either optically-active organic dye molecules or lanthanide ions. Microspheres doped to give red, blue, and green luminescence can be arranged in a pixel pattern to form the basis of a display screen. A single monochrome LC layer is used to modulate the excitation light, or pump source, that activates the fluorescence of each pixel.