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Proceedings Paper

Description of a simultaneous emission-transmission CT system
Author(s): Bruce H. Hasegawa; Eric L. Gingold; Susan M. Reilly; Soo-Chin Liew; Christopher E. Cann
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Paper Abstract

We are designing an instrument which will perform correlated emission-transmission image acquisition, but which departs from previous systems by incorporating a low-power x-ray tube and generator, rather than a radionuclide source, for the transmission image. The system uses an array of high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors and detector electronics with energy discrimination circuitry to separate x-rays (at 100 or 120 kVp) from higher energy gamma rays from the 99mTc or 123j radiopharmaceutical injected into the patient. The data acquisition electronics have time constants matching the charge collection time (50 ns) of the HPGe detectors to maximize count-rate capabilities (up to 1 million cps per detector element), while maintaining adequate energy resolution (approximately 10% FWHM). Each detector channel has two energy windows for simultaneous transmission-emission imaging or for dual-energy x-ray studies. A host computer provides system control as well as data acquisition, data correction, tomographic image reconstruction, image display, and data analysis. As a radionuclide imaging system, this instrument will function as a single-slice SPECT scanner with high-count rate capabilities and excellent energy resolution for imaging short-lived radionuclides, improved photopeak discrimination and scatter rejection, and simultaneous imaging of multiple radionuclides. The system also will generate radiographic images in either a tomographic or projection scanning mode, while dual-energy x-ray CT will provide material specific imaging. However, the novel and potentially powerful capabilities of this instrument would derive from its inherent correlation of functional information from SPECT with precise anatomic information from CT or the material-specific morphologic information from dual-energy x-ray CT. The simultaneously acquired radiographic images should relieve the deficiencies of poor statistics and limited spatial resolution commonly associated with SPECT systems. Dual-energy xray CT also can provide an energy-corrected and anatomically-correlated map of attenuation coefficients for more accurate quantitation of emission radionuclide data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1990
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1231, Medical Imaging IV: Image Formation, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.18783
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce H. Hasegawa, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Eric L. Gingold, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Susan M. Reilly, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Soo-Chin Liew, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Christopher E. Cann, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1231:
Medical Imaging IV: Image Formation
Roger H. Schneider, Editor(s)

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