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Proceedings Paper

High-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) for the Earth Observing System
Author(s): John C. Gille; John J. Barnett; William G. Mankin; Brian R. Johnson; Michael A. Dials; John G. Whitney; Douglas Woodard; Phillip I. Arter; Wayne P. Rudolph
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Paper Abstract

The HIRDLS instrument is being designed to obtain data to address critical questions related to the middle atmosphere and its role in global change. We briefly state the scientific objectives of the experiment, and then describe the requirements placed on the instrument. These include the ability to obtain measurements with 4 degree(s)latitudinal and longitudinal resolution, and 1 km vertical resolution, the ability to sound down into the upper troposphere when clouds are absent, and the ability to measure radiance profiles in order to infer temperature and the concentrations of a number of trace species of different chemical lifetimes, along with the gradients of the geopotential height fields, for 5 or more years. The HIRDLS instrument is a multichannel infrared limb scanner that significantly extends the measurement capabilities of earlier instruments such as LIMS and ISAMS. Advances include the use of a two-axis scanner to allow limb scans at multiple azimuths, narrow fields of view coupled with over-sampling, digital filtering and low noise to enhance vertical resolution, the use of larger numbers of channels to acquire data over a larger range of altitudes and the use of a gyroscope to determine motions of the optical bench. The ways in which this is done are described. The most demanding requirements are for radiometric accuracy and precision, and for precise pointing knowledge (in the presence of vibration). The results of trade-off studies are presented, and the current conceptual design is described.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 September 1994
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2266, Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research, (30 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.187571
Show Author Affiliations
John C. Gille, National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research (United States)
John J. Barnett, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
William G. Mankin, National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research (United States)
Brian R. Johnson, National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research (United States)
Michael A. Dials, National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research (United States)
John G. Whitney, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Douglas Woodard, National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research (United States)
Phillip I. Arter, National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research (United States)
Wayne P. Rudolph, Lockheed Palo Alto Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2266:
Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research
Jinxue Wang; Paul B. Hays, Editor(s)

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