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Proceedings Paper

Multiscreen backpropagator for fast 3D elastic prestack migration
Author(s): Ru-Shan Wu; Xiao-Bi Xie
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Paper Abstract

Due the huge amount of computation and internal memory required, wave backpropagation becomes the bottleneck of prestack migration or other 3D imaging/inversion procedures. We propose to use the multi-screen backpropagator for 3D prestack migration in laterally inhomogeneous background (depth migration). Multi-screen (phase-screen for scalar waves, elastic complex-screen for elastic waves) backpropagator shuttles between space-domain and wavenumber-domain using FFT and therefore avoids the time-demanding matrix multiplication. The time saving is tremendous for large-size elastic wave problems. Because it needs to store the medium parameters only one grid-plane for each step, the enormous computer memory saving makes it capable of handling large 3D problem prohibitive to other methods. The method of elastic complex screen (ECS) is a one-way propagation algorithm by neglecting the backscattered waves. However, all the forward multiple-scattering effect, such as the focusing/defocusing, diffraction, interference, wave conversion between P and S, interface waves, guided waves, etc., can be correctly handled. In this paper first the Love integral and Love migration integral are introduced. The formulation of elastic complex-screen as elastic wave one-way propagator is summarized. Numerical tests and comparisons with other full-wave methods (elastic wave finite difference and eigenfunction expansion method) are presented to show the validity of the propagator. Finally, two numerical examples of single-shot prestack migration using the ECS backpropagator, one for homogeneous background and the other for inhomogeneous background, are shown to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scheme.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 1994
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 2301, Mathematical Methods in Geophysical Imaging II, (23 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.187491
Show Author Affiliations
Ru-Shan Wu, Univ. of California/Santa Cruz (United States)
Xiao-Bi Xie, Univ. of California/Santa Cruz (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2301:
Mathematical Methods in Geophysical Imaging II
Siamak Hassanzadeh, Editor(s)

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