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Proceedings Paper

Rate-constrained motion estimation
Author(s): Bernd Girod
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Paper Abstract

A theoretical frame work for rate-constrained motion estimation is introduced. The best trade- off between displacement vector rate and prediction error rate is shown to be the point were the partial derivatives of the multivariate distortion rate function are equal. Low bit-rate coders are severely rate-constrained, and coarser motion compensation is appropriate for lower bit- rates. A new region-based motion estimator builds a tree of nested regions from back to front, where each region is encoded by a closed B-spline contour. The rate-constraint is a natural termination criterion when building the region tree. Experimental results show that rate- constrained motion compensation is superior to a full-search block matching scheme when incorporated into a motion-compensating hybrid coding scheme, yielding up to 3 dB SNR improvement at 15 kbps.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 1994
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2308, Visual Communications and Image Processing '94, (16 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185863
Show Author Affiliations
Bernd Girod, Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2308:
Visual Communications and Image Processing '94
Aggelos K. Katsaggelos, Editor(s)

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