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Proceedings Paper

Focus optimization of a cryogenic collimator using interferometric measurements and optical modeling
Author(s): Joseph J. Tansock; V. Alan Thurgood; Roy W. Esplin
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Paper Abstract

Space Dynamics Laboratory at Utah State University (SDL/USU) optimized the focus of an off-axis, cryogenically cooled infrared collimator for cryogenic operating temperatures. Historically, collimator focus was optimized at ambient temperatures where interactive focus adjustment and testing could be performed. The focus shift that occurred when the optics were cooled was minimized by collimator design, and the change was negligible compared to the spatial resolution of the IR sensor measuring the collimator's simulated point source. However, the focus determined at ambient temperature does not meet the image quality requirements of state-of-the-art sensors. The method used by SDL to determine optimal focus at cryogenic temperatures applies classical optical techniques to the cryogenically cooled environment. System level interferometric measurements are first made to characterize the system wavefront error. These measurements are then applied to an aberration-free optical model to evaluate system focus for a wavelength of 12 micrometers . The method also uses a knife edge test to refer the interferometric measurements to the aperture located near the focal point of the collimator. This paper discusses the physical test setup, outlines the optical model and analysis procedure, and presents results before and after focus optimization of a multifunction infrared calibrator.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 September 1994
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2268, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II, (14 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185830
Show Author Affiliations
Joseph J. Tansock, Utah State Univ. (United States)
V. Alan Thurgood, Utah State Univ. (United States)
Roy W. Esplin, Utah State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2268:
Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing II
Marija S. Scholl, Editor(s)

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