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Proceedings Paper

Dynamics of the photochromic effect of WO3
Author(s): C. Bechinger; Stephan Herminghaus; W. Petersen; Paul Leiderer
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Paper Abstract

We have studied the photochromic effect of tungsten oxide thin films, i.e. their coloration by exposure to ultraviolet light, in order to investigate the basic mechanisms of the chromogenic behavior of this material. We have measured the absorptivity of our samples by means of optically excited surface plasmons which enabled us for the first time to resolve the photochromism of layers 10 nm thick on a scale as short as seconds. In contrast to the widely accepted double-charge-injection model, we found that in the case of photochromism, oxygen is exchanged between the sample and the surrounding atmosphere. On the basis of this model, a simple nonlinear rate equation is presented which accounts both for the temporal behavior and for the atmosphere dependence of the absorbance of the films during and after ultraviolet light exposure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 1994
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2255, Optical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Conversion XIII, (9 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185389
Show Author Affiliations
C. Bechinger, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
Stephan Herminghaus, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
W. Petersen, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
Paul Leiderer, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2255:
Optical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Conversion XIII
Volker Wittwer; Claes G. Granqvist; Carl M. Lampert, Editor(s)

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