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Proceedings Paper

Laser Doppler vibrometer: unique use of DOE/Taguchi methodologies in the arena of pyroshock (10 to 100,000 HZ) response spectrum
Author(s): C. J. Litz
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Paper Abstract

Discussed is the unique application of design of experiment (DOE) to structure and test a Taguchi L9 (32) factorial experimental matrix (nine tests to study two factors, each factor at three levels), utilizing an HeNe laser Doppler vibrometer and piezocrystal accelerometers to monitor the explosively induced vibrations through the frequency range of 10 to 105 Hz on a flat steel plate (96 X 48 X 0.25 in.). An initial discussion is presented of pyrotechnic shock, or pyroshock, which is a short-duration, high-amplitude, high-frequency transient structural response in aerospace vehicle structures following firing of an ordnance item to separate, sever missile skin, or release a structural member. The development of the shock response spectra (SRS) is detailed. The use of a laser doppler for generating velocity- acceleration-time histories near and at a separation distance from the explosive and the resulting generated shock response spectra plots is detailed together with the laser doppler vibrometer setup as used. The use of DOE/Taguchi as a means of generating performance metrics, prediction equations, and response surface plots is presented as a means to statistically compare and rate the performance of the NeHe laser Doppler vibrometer with respect to two different piezoelectric crystal accelerometers of the contact type mounted directly to the test plate at the frequencies in the 300, 3000, and 10,000 Hz range. Specific constructive conclusions and recommendations are presented on the totally new dimension of understanding the pyroshock phenomenon with respect to the effects and interrelationships of explosive charge weight, location, and the laser Doppler recording system. The use of these valuable statistical tools on other experiments can be cost-effective and provide valuable insight to aid understanding of testing or process control by the engineering community. The superiority of the HeNe laser Doppler vibrometer performance is demonstrated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 1994
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 2358, First International Conference on Vibration Measurements by Laser Techniques: Advances and Applications, (8 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185341
Show Author Affiliations
C. J. Litz, McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Co. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2358:
First International Conference on Vibration Measurements by Laser Techniques: Advances and Applications
Enrico Primo Tomasini, Editor(s)

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