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Proceedings Paper

Simple model for the effectiveness of PDT with pulsed-laser sources
Author(s): Gereon Huettmann; Ansgar Heck; Heyke Cacile Diddens
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Paper Abstract

Irradiation with pulsed lasers can change mechanisms and efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) depending on the laser pulse parameters. Since most photosensitizers have a relatively high triplet quantum yield and triplet lifetimes of tens of microseconds, even moderate power densities below 100 kW/cm2 can lead to a saturation of the singlet oxygen production, thereby reducing the PDT effect. A simple quantitative model is developed to estimate this effect. According to this, for laser pulses not longer than the triplet lifetime, the PDT efficacy depends on the product of single pulse energy, irradiation wavelength, and the extinction coefficient of the photosensitizer. Peak irradiance and pulse width have minor influence on the efficacy of pulsed irradiation, which decreases as the triplet quantum yield reaches one. The model is supported by in vitro experiments with Photosan 3 and in vivo and in vitro experiments with Photosan 3, Photofrin, aluminum sulphonated phthalocyanine (AlSPc) and benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD-MA) reported in the literature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 August 1994
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2134, Laser-Tissue Interaction V; and Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards, (17 August 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.182962
Show Author Affiliations
Gereon Huettmann, Medizinisches Laserzentrum Luebeck (Germany)
Ansgar Heck, Medizinisches Laserzentrum Luebeck (Germany)
Heyke Cacile Diddens, Medizinisches Laserzentrum Luebeck (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2134:
Laser-Tissue Interaction V; and Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards
Steven L. Jacques, Editor(s)

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