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Proceedings Paper

Ultraviolet radiation and skin disorders in Hungary
Author(s): Laszlo D. Szabo; Jozsef S. Bakos; I. Horkay; Zsolt Toth; G. Bazsa; M. T. Beck; T. Szalay; Z. Nagy; J. Patko; Sandor Ferenczi; Miklos Racz
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Paper Abstract

The measurements of ozone content, evaluation of UV radiation and their links with skin cancer in Hungary have been studied for the last three decades. The total ozone content of an air column above Hungary has been measured by the Hungarian Meteorological Service since 1969 using Dobson-spectrophotometer. The measurements of UV-B radiation started in 1993 by three Robertson-Berger equipments and LI-1800 spectroradiometer. It was found a decreasing trend of ozone content 1.7% per 10 years. Since 1991/92 winter the ozone conditions of the stratosphere have been perturbed. Such low ozone values that have been observed in two winters successively never occurred. Deficits in monthly averages: 1991 Dec: -6%, 1992 Jan; -17%, Feb; -9%, Dec; - 10%, 1993 Jan; -16%, Feb; -17%. Statistical analysis of the patient material of the Eastern region of Hungary, characterized by a rather high intensity of sunlight and UV rays, has shown a significant increase in light induced skin disorders in recent decades. Ninety-six photoallergic and phototoxic cases followed up in 1966 rose to 336 (1977) and 788 (1993) whereas the numbers of patients with basal cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma increased two- and fivefold, respectively, from 1966 to 1993. A UV personal dosimeter has been developed to measure exposure of the skin to UV-B radiation. These SUNTEST UV-sensitive strips for general public are produced by FORTE Photochemical Company.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 July 1994
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2134, Laser-Tissue Interaction V; and Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards, (21 July 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.180818
Show Author Affiliations
Laszlo D. Szabo, National Research Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene (Hungary)
Jozsef S. Bakos, National Research Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene (Hungary)
I. Horkay, Univ. Medical School Debrecen (Hungary)
Zsolt Toth, Hungarian Meteorological Service (Hungary)
G. Bazsa, Kossuth Lajos Univ. (Hungary)
M. T. Beck, Kossuth Lajos Univ. (Hungary)
T. Szalay, Kossuth Lajos Univ. (Hungary)
Z. Nagy, Kossuth Lajos Univ. (Hungary)
J. Patko, Kossuth Lajos Univ. (Hungary)
Sandor Ferenczi, Research Institute for Technical Physics (Hungary)
Miklos Racz, Research Institute for Technical Physics (Hungary)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2134:
Laser-Tissue Interaction V; and Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards
Steven L. Jacques; David H. Sliney; Michael Belkin M.D., Editor(s)

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