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Proceedings Paper

Multi-timescale dynamics in glasses: optical dephasing and solute-solvent interactions
Author(s): L. Ravi Narasimhan; Dee William Pack; Andreas Elschner; Yu Sheng Bai; Michael D. Fayer
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Paper Abstract

Picosecond photon echo (PE) experiments are used to examine the optical dephasing and intermolecular interactions of organic chromophores in a variety of glassy organic and polymer hosts. The inherent disorder in these systems leads to dynamics which span times from picoseconds to hours and longer. The temperature dependent optical dephasing as measured by the PE follows a power law characteristic of tunnelling twolevel systems (TLS) at low temperatures (1 °K to 4 °K) and is exponentially activated at higher temperatures due to dephasing by additional modes. The nature of these modes will be addressed. These data and those from other line narrowing experiments such as hole burning allow the study both of fast dephasing processes and spectral diffusion due to slow fluctuations in the host. The observed lineshapes and holewidths require dipolar coupling between the chromophore and TLS and offer information on the distribution of relaxation rates. Furthermore, techniques sensitive to different timescales are used to examine host dynamics by removing the guest-host coupling from consideration. The data are discussed in conjunction with recently developed theoretical treatments of dephasing in disordered systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1990
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1209, Picosecond and Femtosecond Spectroscopy from Laboratory to Real World, (1 April 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.17889
Show Author Affiliations
L. Ravi Narasimhan, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Dee William Pack, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Andreas Elschner, Stanford Univ. (Germany)
Yu Sheng Bai, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Michael D. Fayer, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1209:
Picosecond and Femtosecond Spectroscopy from Laboratory to Real World
Keith A. Nelson, Editor(s)

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