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Proceedings Paper

New stroboscopic light source and technique for intraoperative retinal fluorescein angiography during penetrating keratoplasty
Author(s): Ronald R. Krueger; Ronald B. Morales; Lawrence P. Chong; Ronald E. Smith
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Paper Abstract

We report the development of a new stroboscopic light source system and technique for performing intraoperative fluorescein angiography during penetrating keratoplasty for aphakic or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. A controllable pulse xenon light source system with a fiber optic endoilluminator probe is used to perform high-quality intraoperative fluorescein angiography during penetrating keratoplasty in pigmented rabbits and human subjects. Following corneal trephination and extraction of the intraocular lens, a temporary Cobo keratoprosthesis is secured while a 20-gauge endoilluminator is inserted into the vitreous cavity through a limbal incision. The endoilluminator is advanced to a retinal illumination area of approximately 3 DD and 10% fluorescein is injected intravenously. A microscope camera coupled to a 50:50 beamsplitter photographs the passage of fluorescein dye while the surgeon maintains an unaltered view through the operating microscope. Angiograms through a keratoprosthesis show excellent contrast and resolution, comparable to standard fluorescein angiography. Fine peripapillary vessels are seen reproducibly and with great detail in the rabbits. All the phases of retinal angiography can be seen, including arteriolar constriction and capillary nonperfusion in one of four human subjects examined. High quality intraoperative fluorescein angiography can be performed in patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty for aphakic/ pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. With this technology, preexisting retinal disorders such as cystoid macular edema might be identified in the perioperative setting allowing for important management decisions to be made intraoperatively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 June 1994
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2126, Ophthalmic Technologies IV, (23 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.178566
Show Author Affiliations
Ronald R. Krueger, Anheuser-Busch Eye Institute/St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Ronald B. Morales, Univ of California/Davis (United States)
Lawrence P. Chong, Doheny Eye Institute/Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Ronald E. Smith, Doheny Eye Institute/Univ. of Southern California (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2126:
Ophthalmic Technologies IV
Jean-Marie A. Parel; Qiushi Ren, Editor(s)

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