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Proceedings Paper

Deriving exposure limits
Author(s): David H. Sliney
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Paper Abstract

Historically many different agencies and standards organizations have proposed laser occupational exposure limits (EL1s) or maximum permissible exposure (MPE) levels. Although some safety standards have been limited in scope to manufacturer system safety performance standards or to codes of practice most have included occupational EL''s. Initially in the 1960''s attention was drawn to setting EL''s however as greater experience accumulated in the use of lasers and some accident experience had been gained safety procedures were developed. It became clear by 1971 after the first decade of laser use that detailed hazard evaluation of each laser environment was too complex for most users and a scheme of hazard classification evolved. Today most countries follow a scheme of four major hazard classifications as defined in Document WS 825 of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The classifications and the associated accessible emission limits (AEL''s) were based upon the EL''s. The EL and AEL values today are in surprisingly good agreement worldwide. There exists a greater range of safety requirements for the user for each class of laser. The current MPE''s (i. e. EL''s) and their basis are highlighted in this presentation. 2. 0

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1990
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1207, Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems, and Laser Eye Protection, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.17826
Show Author Affiliations
David H. Sliney, U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1207:
Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems, and Laser Eye Protection
Penelope K. Bryan; David H. Sliney, Editor(s)

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