Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Technology development in the U.S. and Japan: the case of the phase-shifting mask
Author(s): Frank Schellenberg; Dan Okimoto; Jim Raphael; Norihiko Shirouzu
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

The status of American competitiveness in high technology, and in particular the semiconductor industry, has been the subject of concern for some time now.1 With the rise of Japanese manufactures to preeminence in the manufacturing of DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory) chips during the 1980's, the fundamental assumptions of modern economic theory have been called into question.2 Various factors have been cited by various authors to account for the recent rise in Japanese competitiveness, including industrial policies of the Japanese government, differences in the cost of capital, investments in research and development, and the requirement of American companies to post financial results quarterly.3 There is, however, a real need for concrete case studies, which can examine the actual history of a technology and establish mechanisms of cause and effect.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 1994
PDF: 39 pages
Proc. SPIE 10273, 64-to 256-Megabit Reticle Generation: Technology Requirements and Approaches: A Critical Review, 102730F (1 January 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.177435
Show Author Affiliations
Frank Schellenberg, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Dan Okimoto, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Jim Raphael, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Norihiko Shirouzu, Stanford Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10273:
64-to 256-Megabit Reticle Generation: Technology Requirements and Approaches: A Critical Review
Gregory K. Hearn, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top