Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Sealed copper vapor laser tube
Author(s): Graeme L. Clark; Ewan S. Livingstone
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

Since copper vapor lasers were first reported in 1966, they have suffered from discharge contamination due to outgassing of materials at high temperatures. To remove impurities, a flowing buffer gas is normally used, making a vacuum and gas handling system necessary. A sealed copper vapor laser tube has been developed. Made from metal, glass and ceramic, it features permanent hard seals at electrodes and windows, making the tube rugged and allowing long shelf and operating lives. The first tube in the series, the XL7000, is still on life test and has reached over 1200 operating hours with many thermal cycles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 May 1994
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2118, Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications, (25 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.176671
Show Author Affiliations
Graeme L. Clark, EEV Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Ewan S. Livingstone, EEV Ltd. (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2118:
Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications
Vern N. Smiley; Frank K. Tittel, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top