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Proceedings Paper

Studies on the mechanism of photodynamic-therapy-induced tumor destruction
Author(s): Victor H. Fingar; Thomas Jeffery Wieman
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Paper Abstract

There exists little doubt that profound changes occur to both tumor and normal tissue microvasculature during photodynamic therapy, and that these changes are important in the process of tumor destruction. We hypothesize that singlet oxygen, produced during light activation of photosensitizer, interacts with cellular membranes and induces the release of arachidonic acid metabolites, notably thromboxane, into the intravascular environment. This leads to vasoconstriction, platelet aggregation, and hemostasis. To test this hypothesis, we have measured the release of thromboxane into serum as a function of porphyrin and light doses used in phototherapy. Sprague Dawley rats bearing chondrosarcoma in the right hind limb were injected with 0-25 mg/kg Photofrin IP'. A catheter was implanted in the carotid artery 24 h later, and the hind limb exposed to 0-135 J/cm2 630 nm light. Immediately after treatment, serum was collected and thromboxane levels were measured by radioimmunoassay. We found significant increases in systemic thromboxane concentrations following phototherapy at the highest porphyrin and light doses, compared to drug and light controls. The administration of indomethacin (10 mg/kg i.p.) prior to treatment suppressed the release of thromboxane from tumor and normal tissues and inhibited hemostasis and tumor response to phototherapy. These studies have reinforced the important role of arachidonic acid metabolites in producing vascular damage during phototherapy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1990
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1203, Photodynamic Therapy: Mechanisms II, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.17661
Show Author Affiliations
Victor H. Fingar, Univ. of Louisville (United States)
Thomas Jeffery Wieman, Univ. of Louisville (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1203:
Photodynamic Therapy: Mechanisms II
Thomas J. Dougherty, Editor(s)

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