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Proceedings Paper

Issues in the design and optimization of adaptive optics and laser guide stars for the Keck telescopes
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Paper Abstract

We discuss issues in optimizing the design of adaptive optics and laser guide star systems for the Keck Telescope. The initial tip-tilt system will use Keck's chopping secondary mirror. We describe design constraints, choice of detector, and expected performance of this tip-tilt system as well as its sky coverage. The adaptive optics system is being optimized for wavelengths of 1 - 2.2 micrometers . We are studying adaptive optics concepts which use a wavefront sensor with varying numbers of subapertures, so as to respond to changing turbulence conditions. The goal is to be able to `gang together' groups of deformable mirror subapertures under software control, when conditions call for larger subapertures. We present performance predictions as a function of sky coverage and the number of deformable mirror degrees of freedom. We analyze the predicted brightness of several candidate laser guide star systems, as a function of laser power and pulse format. These predictions are used to examine the resulting Strehl as a function of observing wavelength. We discuss laser waste heat and thermal management issues, and conclude with an overview of instruments under design to take advantage of the Keck adaptive optics system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 1994
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2201, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy, (31 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.176051
Show Author Affiliations
Claire E. Max, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Donald T. Gavel, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Scot S. Olivier, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
James M. Brase, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Herbert W. Friedman, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Kenneth Avicola, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
J. Thaddeus Salmon, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Anthony D. Gleckler, W.M. Keck Observatory (United States)
Terry S. Mast, W.M. Keck Observatory (United States)
Jerry E. Nelson, W.M. Keck Observatory (United States)
Peter L. Wizinowich, W.M. Keck Observatory (United States)
Gary A. Chanan, Univ. of California/Irvine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2201:
Adaptive Optics in Astronomy
Mark A. Ealey; Fritz Merkle, Editor(s)

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