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Proceedings Paper

Fluorescence of normal and cancerous brain tissues: the excitation/emission matrix
Author(s): Yong Gu Chung; Jon A. Schwartz; Craig M. Gardner; Raymond Sawaya; Steven L. Jacques
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Paper Abstract

This project investigates the use of fluorescence to discriminate cancerous margins from surrounding normal tissues during neurosurgery. This paper presents a study of the excitation/emission matrix for in vivo rat brain tissue and ex vivo human brain tissue. Measurements were made with an optical fiber fluorimeter, consisting of excitation with a nitrogen/dye laser and detection with a spectrograph and optical multichannel analyzer. The ex/em pair of wavelengths (nm) for excitation and emission of fluorescence are summarized for three types fluorophores. Measurements of these fluorophores types were measured in ex vivo human normal and cancerous tissues, in vivo rat normal brain and glioma, and cell culture aggregates (GBM cells). In general, the magnitude of fluorescence decreases in cancerous tissues. The ratio F`flavin'/F`NADH' is an indicator of metabolic activity and a potential assay for normal vs cancerous tissues. Pilot studies with in vivo rat glioma model and with ex vivo human samples tested the use of this ratio for discriminating tissue types. The results did not show obvious trends but more work is still needed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 1994
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2135, Advances in Laser and Light Spectroscopy to Diagnose Cancer and Other Diseases, (19 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.176012
Show Author Affiliations
Yong Gu Chung, Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Jon A. Schwartz, Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Craig M. Gardner, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
Raymond Sawaya, Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Steven L. Jacques, Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. and Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2135:
Advances in Laser and Light Spectroscopy to Diagnose Cancer and Other Diseases
Robert R. Alfano, Editor(s)

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