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Proceedings Paper

Detection of lung cancer by ratio fluorometry with and without Photofrin II
Author(s): Stephen Lam; Jaclyn Hung; Branko Palcic
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence bronchoscopy with a ratio fluorometer probe was used to examine patients with known or suspected bronchogenic carcinoma to determine if early lung cancer can be detected with low dose Photofrin II without skin photosensitivity. Seventeen patients were examined 24 hours after injection of 0.25 mg/kg Photofrin II. Using a red-green (R/G) ratio of greater than 1.5 times the mean value of normal areas as being potentially significant, both carcinoma in situ and invasive cancers were accurately localized (sensitivity 100%, specificity 61%). The majority of the false positive fluorescence (80%) came from the lesions with dysplasia. The elevated R/G ratios from the cancerous and pre-cancerous lesions were found to be due to a significantly lower green autofluorescence. No skin photosensitivity was observed on all seventeen patients. Ratio fluorometry was also carried out in thirty-one patients with known or suspected lung cancer without Photofrin II. A similar diagnostic accuracy was found (sensitivity 90%, specificity 86%). Our results suggest that early lung cancer may be detectable by ratio fluorometry by exploiting autofluorescence differences between tumor and normal tissues.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1990
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 1201, Optical Fibers in Medicine V, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.17585
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen Lam, British Columbia Cancer Research Ctr. (Canada)
Jaclyn Hung, British Columbia Cancer Research Ctr. (Canada)
Branko Palcic, British Columbia Cancer Research Ctr. (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1201:
Optical Fibers in Medicine V
Abraham Katzir, Editor(s)

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