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Proceedings Paper

New 3D model for dynamics modeling
Author(s): Alain Perez
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Paper Abstract

The wrist articulation represents one of the most complex mechanical systems of the human body. It is composed of eight bones rolling and sliding along their surface and along the faces of the five metacarpals of the hand and the two bones of the arm. The wrist dynamics are however fundamental for the hand movement, but it is so complex that it still remains incompletely explored. This work is a part of a new concept of computer-assisted surgery, which consists in developing computer models to perfect surgery acts by predicting their consequences. The modeling of the wrist dynamics are based first on the static model of its bones in three dimensions. This 3D model must optimise the collision detection procedure which is the necessary step to estimate the physical contact constraints. As many other possible computer vision models do not fit with enough precision to this problem, a new 3D model has been developed thanks to the median axis of the digital distance map of the bones reconstructed volume. The collision detection procedure is then simplified for contacts are detected between spheres. The experiment of this original 3D dynamic model products realistic computer animation images of solids in contact. It is now necessary to detect ligaments on digital medical images and to model them in order to complete a wrist model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 1994
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2167, Medical Imaging 1994: Image Processing, (11 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.175124
Show Author Affiliations
Alain Perez, CNRS/TIMC (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2167:
Medical Imaging 1994: Image Processing
Murray H. Loew, Editor(s)

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