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Proceedings Paper

Color constancy and a changing illumination
Author(s): Graham D. Finlayson
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Paper Abstract

The color constancy problem has proven to be very hard to solve. This is even true in the simple Mondriaan world where a planar patchwork of matte surfaces is viewed under a single illuminant. In this paper we consider the color constancy problem given two images of a Mondriaan viewed under different illuminants. We show that if surface reflectances are well modeled by 3 basis functions and illuminants by up to 5 basis functions then we can, theoretically, solve for color constancy given 3 surfaces viewed under 2 illuminants. The number of recoverable dimensions in the illuminant depends on the spectral characteristics of the sensors. Specifically if for a given sensor set a von Kries type, diagonal model of color constancy is sufficient then we show that at most 2 illuminant parameters can be retrieved. Recent work has demonstrated that for the human visual system a diagonal matrix is a good model of color constancy given an appropriate choice of sensor basis. We might predict therefore, that we can recover at most 2 illuminant parameters. We present simulations which indicate that this in fact the case.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1994
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2179, Human Vision, Visual Processing, and Digital Display V, (1 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.172686
Show Author Affiliations
Graham D. Finlayson, Simon Fraser Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2179:
Human Vision, Visual Processing, and Digital Display V
Bernice E. Rogowitz; Jan P. Allebach, Editor(s)

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