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Proceedings Paper

Unobtrusively tracking mammographers' eye gaze direction and pupil diameter
Author(s): James R. Barrett; Ellen S. deParedes; Samuel J. Dwyer; Michael B. Merickel; Thomas E. Hutchinson
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Paper Abstract

We developed techniques to unobtrusively track direction and pupil diameter of radiologists reading a wide variety of films. This study concentrated on mammography since the use of mammograms is important for successful treatment of breast cancer, and we wished to determine how previous studies of eye gaze with lung films relate to the specialized field of mammography. Our objective was to identify eye gaze patterns in mammographic experts as they observe features, such as masses and microcalcification clusters: identification of these patterns could lead to improving the rate of early detection of breast cancer. Our near IR light system successfully tracked eye gaze direction and pupil diameter of mammographic experts evaluating films. The association of long eye gaze dwells with diagnostic accuracy varied with the type of object being viewed. In films with masses, false positive diagnoses were associated with long dwells: this is similar to published results of observing lung nodule diagnosis. In mammograms with microcalcifications, true positive diagnoses were associated with long dwells. The association of prolonged dwells with true positive diagnoses of microcalcifications is a new observation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1994
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2166, Medical Imaging 1994: Image Perception, (1 April 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.171748
Show Author Affiliations
James R. Barrett, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Ellen S. deParedes, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Samuel J. Dwyer, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Michael B. Merickel, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Thomas E. Hutchinson, Univ. of Virginia (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2166:
Medical Imaging 1994: Image Perception
Harold L. Kundel, Editor(s)

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