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Proceedings Paper

Extracting physical camera parameters from the 3 x 3 direct linear transformation matrix
Author(s): Trond Melen
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Paper Abstract

The projective transformation of 3D object points to 2D image points can be expressed in homogeneous coordinates by the 3 by 4 direct linear transformation (DLT) matrix. If the object points are coplanar, the transformation can be expressed by the 3 by 3 DLT matrix. This article presents non-iterative, fast and exact methods for extracting the physical camera parameters from the 3 by 3 matrix. Three parameters must be known or estimated in order to extract the remaining eight. The decomposition problem is solved under three different assumptions about known parameters. All three methods are based on solving two quadratic equations in two unknowns. The equations originate from the orthogonality constraints on the first two columns of the rotation matrix. The methods are well suited for finding initial values in point based camera calibration. They solve the coplanar perspective-n-point problem for any n >= 4.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1994
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2252, Optical 3D Measurement Techniques II: Applications in Inspection, Quality Control, and Robotics, (1 March 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.169859
Show Author Affiliations
Trond Melen, Norges Tekniske Hogskole (Norway)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2252:
Optical 3D Measurement Techniques II: Applications in Inspection, Quality Control, and Robotics
Armin Gruen; Heribert Kahmen, Editor(s)

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