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Proceedings Paper

Simulation of earthquakes on strengthened masonry walls: photogrammetric determination of kinematic shape changes
Author(s): Gregor Schwegler; J. Dold
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Paper Abstract

In cooperation with the firm HILTI AG in Schaan the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research (EMPA) in Dubendorf, Switzerland is carrying out tests on masonry walls. The goal of these tests is to post-strengthen such walls in seismically endangered zones through the use of fiber-based composites. During the loading, the 3-D deformation behavior of the wall is determined. Each brick is provided with two measurement points. During the measurement phase the masonry wall deforms by up to 0.04 mm due to relaxation. Given a required deformation resolution of at least 0.04 mm, it is therefore necessary to employ a measurement technique that accurately and rapidly ascertains the wall condition in 3-D. In cooperation with the Institut fuer Photogrammetrie und Bildverarbeitung Technische Universitaet Braunschweig it was possible for the first time to employ five large- format Rollei LFC recording cameras synchronously for the deformation measurement. A spatial reconstruction of the wall shape was possible with an average standard deviation of 0.02 mm for the object coordinates in the plane of the wall, resp. 0.03 mm perpendicular to the wall.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1994
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2252, Optical 3D Measurement Techniques II: Applications in Inspection, Quality Control, and Robotics, (1 March 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.169857
Show Author Affiliations
Gregor Schwegler, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)
J. Dold, Technical Univ. Braunschweig (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2252:
Optical 3D Measurement Techniques II: Applications in Inspection, Quality Control, and Robotics
Armin Gruen; Heribert Kahmen, Editor(s)

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