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Proceedings Paper

Use of laser-plasma-produced soft x rays to study the ultrastructure of living biological material
Author(s): Anthony D. Stead; Robin A. Cotton; Anton M. Page; J. A. Goode; C. G. Steele; J. G. Duckett; Thomas W. Ford
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Paper Abstract

The use of laser-plasma generated soft x rays for contact microscopy offers several advantages over electron microscopy. After chemical development the exposed photoresist can be examined by interference light, scanning electron, or atomic force microscopy. The advantages and disadvantages of each are briefly described and biologically significant results using soft x-ray contact microscopy, followed by examination of the resist by atomic force microscopy, are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 1994
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2015, Applications of Laser Plasma Radiation, (1 February 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.168011
Show Author Affiliations
Anthony D. Stead, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Robin A. Cotton, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Anton M. Page, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
J. A. Goode, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
C. G. Steele, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
J. G. Duckett, Queen Mary and Westfield College (United Kingdom)
Thomas W. Ford, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2015:
Applications of Laser Plasma Radiation
Martin C. Richardson, Editor(s)

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