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Proceedings Paper

Correlations between physical properties, formulations, and ATR FTIR spectra of polyurethane foams
Author(s): Joel A. Caughran; Sanmitra A. Bhat; James A. de Haseth
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Paper Abstract

Polyurethane foams of varying surfactant, tin catalyst, and amine catalyst levels were prepared to find formulations that made `good' foams. A good foam is characterized by rise and density. Attenuated Total Reflectance spectra of the foams were collected after the foams were allowed to cure for 24 hours. Because the infrared spectrum shows morphology as well as structure, the ATR spectrum can be used to measure physical properties that are dependent on structure and morphology. The ATR FT-IR spectra were baseline corrected and then normalized by the area in the C-H stretch region to correct for differences in contact area with the ATR crystal. Samples were then taken from the cured foam parallel to the direction of rise to measure tensile strength and air permeability. Correlations were then made between the ATR spectra and the physical properties. Partial least squares (PLS) and principle component regression (PCR) were used to do the correlations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 January 1994
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 2089, 9th International Conference on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, (31 January 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.166624
Show Author Affiliations
Joel A. Caughran, Univ. of Georgia (United States)
Sanmitra A. Bhat, Univ. of Georgia (United States)
James A. de Haseth, Univ. of Georgia (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2089:
9th International Conference on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
John E. Bertie; Hal Wieser, Editor(s)

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