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Proceedings Paper

Optimal nonimaging integrated evacuated solar collector
Author(s): John D. Garrison; W. S. Duff; Joseph J. O'Gallagher; Roland Winston
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Paper Abstract

A non imaging integrated evacuated solar collector for solar thermal energy collection is discussed which has the lower portion of the tubular glass vacuum enveloped shaped and inside surface mirrored to optimally concentrate sunlight onto an absorber tube in the vacuum. This design uses vacuum to eliminate heat loss from the absorber surface by conduction and convection of air, soda lime glass for the vacuum envelope material to lower cost, optimal non imaging concentration integrated with the glass vacuum envelope to lower cost and improve solar energy collection, and a selective absorber for the absorbing surface which has high absorptance and low emittance to lower heat loss by radiation and improve energy collection efficiency. This leads to a very low heat loss collector with high optical collection efficiency, which can operate at temperatures up to the order of 250 degree(s)C with good efficiency while being lower in cost than current evacuated solar collectors. Cost estimates are presented which indicate a cost for this solar collector system which can be competitive with the cost of fossil fuel heat energy sources when the collector system is produced in sufficient volume. Non imaging concentration, which reduces cost while improving performance, and which allows efficient solar energy collection without tracking the sun, is a key element in this solar collector design.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 1993
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2016, Nonimaging Optics: Maximum-Efficiency Light Transfer II, (1 November 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.161939
Show Author Affiliations
John D. Garrison, San Diego State Univ. (United States)
W. S. Duff, Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Joseph J. O'Gallagher, Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Roland Winston, Univ. of Chicago (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2016:
Nonimaging Optics: Maximum-Efficiency Light Transfer II
Roland Winston; Robert L. Holman, Editor(s)

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