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Proceedings Paper

Signal-adapted transform coding of sequences
Author(s): Benoit M. M. Macq; Serge Comes; J. Y. Mertes; Maria Paula Queluz
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Paper Abstract

In standard DCT coding schemes like MPEG, the sequences compression is achieved by motion compensation, transformation, quantization, and entropy coding. In this paper, we have followed the same path by adapting to the image signal the elements of the coding scheme. The motion compensation is achieved by a block-matching method, where the size of the blocks is adapted to the signal. Great attention has been paid to the relevance of the motion field. Combined with the motion compensation, the two fields of each frame are merged, taking into account the measured motion vectors, to compose a pseudo-progressive frame. The encoding is applied to this `motion-compensated progressive' frame. A wavelet decomposition is then applied on each (inter or intra) frame. Such a transform, intrinsically owning linear- phase and perfect reconstruction properties, has been optimized for maximizing a perceptually weighted coding gain. The wavelet coefficients are thereafter vector-quantized, in order to reach the maximum perceptual SNR : frequency weighting is taken into account. The relevance of the measured vector field allows a precise spatio-temporal quantization optimization. The vectors are entropy coded taking into account the remaining inter-band dependence, by an adapted entropy code. Results obtained from 1 Mbit/s to 8 Mbit/s are shown for moving sequences at the conference.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 1993
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2094, Visual Communications and Image Processing '93, (22 October 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.157888
Show Author Affiliations
Benoit M. M. Macq, Univ. Catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
Serge Comes, Univ. Catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
J. Y. Mertes, Univ. Catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
Maria Paula Queluz, Univ. Catholique de Louvain (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2094:
Visual Communications and Image Processing '93
Barry G. Haskell; Hsueh-Ming Hang, Editor(s)

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