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Proceedings Paper

Design of a multisensor data fusion system for target detection
Author(s): Stelios C.A. Thomopoulos; Nickens N. Okello; Ivan Kadar; Louis A. Lovas
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Paper Abstract

The objective of this paper is to discuss the issues that are involved in the design of a multisensor fusion system and provide a systematic analysis and synthesis methodology for the design of the fusion system. The system under consideration consists of multifrequency (similar) radar sensors. However, the fusion design must be flexible to accommodate additional dissimilar sensors such as IR, EO, ESM, and Ladar. The motivation for the system design is the proof of the fusion concept for enhancing the detectability of small targets in clutter. In the context of down-selecting the proper configuration for multisensor (similar and dissimilar, and centralized vs. distributed) data fusion, the issues of data modeling, fusion approaches, and fusion architectures need to be addressed for the particular application being considered. Although the study of different approaches may proceed in parallel, the interplay among them is crucial in selecting a fusion configuration for a given application. The natural sequence for addressing the three different issues is to begin from the data modeling, in order to determine the information content of the data. This information will dictate the appropriate fusion approach. This, in turn, will lead to a global fusion architecture. Both distributed and centralized fusion architectures are used to illustrate the design issues along with Monte-Carlo simulation performance comparison of a single sensor versus a multisensor centrally fused system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 September 1993
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1955, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition II, (3 September 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.154967
Show Author Affiliations
Stelios C.A. Thomopoulos, The Pennsylvania State Univ. and Intelnet (Greece)
Nickens N. Okello, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Ivan Kadar, Grumman Corp. (United States)
Louis A. Lovas, Grumman Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1955:
Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition II
Ivan Kadar; Vibeke Libby, Editor(s)

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