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Proceedings Paper

Potential of active microwave sensors in monitoring underground permafrost
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Paper Abstract

A mathematical evaluation of the potential of active microwave sensors for monitoring underground permafrost is carried out. For this purpose, the Helmholtz Integral is used to relate the scattered field to the field inside the permafrost. A mathematical formation is derived for the scattered field by estimating the inner field through a generalized Rayleigh- Gans approximation. Numerical calculation show that the freezing thawing process is the dominant factor determining the relative level of the backscattered signal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 August 1993
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1941, Ground Sensing, (31 August 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.154693
Show Author Affiliations
Mostafa A. Karam, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
David M. Le Vine, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1941:
Ground Sensing
Hatem N. Nasr, Editor(s)

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