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Proceedings Paper

Computer-assisted diagnosis of lung nodule detection using artificial convoultion neural network
Author(s): Shih-Chung Benedict Lo; Jyh-Shyan Lin; Matthew T. Freedman; Seong Ki Mun
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Paper Abstract

Several fuzzy assignment methods for the output association with convolution neural network are proposed for general medical image pattern recognition. A non-conventional method of using rotation and shift invariance is also proposed to enhance the neural net performance. These methods in conjunction with the convolution neural network technique are generally applicable to the recognition of medical disease patterns in gray scale imaging. The structure of the artificial neural network is a simplified network structure of neocognitron. Two- dimensional local connection as a group is the fundamental architecture for the signal propagation in the convolution (vision type) neural network. Weighting coefficients of convolution kernels are formed by neural network through backpropagated training for this artificial neural net. In addition, radiologists' reading procedure was modeled in order to instruct the artificial neural network to recognize the pre-defined image patterns and those of interest to experts. We have tested this method for lung nodule detection. The performance studies have shown the potential use of this technique in a clinical environment. Our computer program uses a sphere profile double-matching technique for initial nodule search. We set searching parameters in a highly sensitive level to identify all potential disease areas. The artificial convolution neural network acts as a final detection classifier to determine if a disease pattern is shown on the suspected image area. The total processing time for the automatic detection of lung nodules using both pre-scan and convolution neural network evaluation is about 10 seconds in a DEC Alpha workstation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 September 1993
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1898, Medical Imaging 1993: Image Processing, (14 September 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.154572
Show Author Affiliations
Shih-Chung Benedict Lo, Georgetown Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Jyh-Shyan Lin, Georgetown Univ. Medical Ctr. and Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
Matthew T. Freedman, Georgetown Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Seong Ki Mun, Georgetown Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1898:
Medical Imaging 1993: Image Processing
Murray H. Loew, Editor(s)

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