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Proceedings Paper

Monte Carlo simulations of image stacking
Author(s): Mesut Sahin; David L. Wilson
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Paper Abstract

In image stacking, we combine multiple x-ray angiography images with incomplete arterial filling into a single output image with more completely filled arteries. Among other applications, image stacking is useful in neuroangiography embolization and in CO2 angiography. Using Monte Carlo simulations and tests on clinical image sequences, we compare three methods: (1) traditional extreme-intensity (EI) which consists of a max-dark or max-light operation on the sequence, (2) matched filtering (MF) with spatially varying parameters, and (3) a new algorithm, trimmed-extreme-intensity (TEI). In the simulations, we use Poisson noise and model the time-course of the arterial contrast signal with a gamma variate curve. The figure of merit for comparisons is the contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratio. We find that our spatially-dependent MF method works well with image which have a well-defined direction of flow as in the legs, but not with more complex flow patterns as in neuroangiography. On clinical images, TEI gives good results and is more robust than MF.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 September 1993
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 1898, Medical Imaging 1993: Image Processing, (14 September 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.154568
Show Author Affiliations
Mesut Sahin, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
David L. Wilson, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1898:
Medical Imaging 1993: Image Processing
Murray H. Loew, Editor(s)

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