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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinearities, harmonics, and trends in dynamic applications of Terfenol-D
Author(s): David L. Hall; Alison B. Flatau
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Paper Abstract

We are working to understand Terfenol-D's behavior in dynamic applications. Experimental results demonstrate that the amplitudes of harmonics present in Terfenol-D transducer output displacement spectra increase with increasing drive-current amplitude. An empirical mathematical model which predicts harmonics is presented. The model approximates both the nonlinear strain versus magnetic flux density behavior (c vs B), and the magnetic hysteresis (B vs H) of the material. Trends are shown for displacement versus drive-current amplitude as a function of frequency. Generally, displacements increase with increasing drive-current amplitude, and decrease with increasing drive frequency (when operated away from mechanical resonance). Single frequency drive-current results are compared with the trends predicted by the mathematical model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 1993
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1917, Smart Structures and Materials 1993: Smart Structures and Intelligent Systems, (8 September 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.152822
Show Author Affiliations
David L. Hall, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
Alison B. Flatau, Iowa State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1917:
Smart Structures and Materials 1993: Smart Structures and Intelligent Systems
Nesbitt W. Hagood; Gareth J. Knowles, Editor(s)

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