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Proceedings Paper

Measuring and reporting physical parameters in laser biomodulation research
Author(s): Bruce E. Stuck
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Paper Abstract

Complete reporting of the physical parameters and laser exposure conditions in laser biomodulation research is essential to understand interaction mechanisms and permit the replication of the results or the extension of their scientific use. Often the biological parameters and procedures are described in detail and physical parameters pertinent to the exposure dose are inappropriately or ambiguously reported. The paper summarizes the minimal physical parameters that should be reported to describe the exposure dose and their measurement. These include the irradiance, the radiant exposure, the exposure duration, the effective irradiated area (e.g. beam diameter if circular), the intensity profile of the radiation field, wavelength(s) or wavelength band, the number of exposures, the time between exposure and a schematic of the exposure apparatus.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 July 1993
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 1883, Low-Energy Laser Effects on Biological Systems, (14 July 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.148024
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce E. Stuck, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1883:
Low-Energy Laser Effects on Biological Systems
Michal Schwartz; Michael Belkin, Editor(s)

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