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Proceedings Paper

Experimental results on embedded optical fiber sensors in concrete
Author(s): Alexis Mendez; Theodore F. Morse; Lawrence J. Reinhart
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Paper Abstract

Experimental results are presented on the embedding of optical fiber cables into cement specimens in order to determine the feasibility and limitations of using said fibers as sensors for the measurement of internal stresses as well as the evaluation of structural integrity. Pull- out tests have revealed that the surface bonding between the plastic jacket of a fiber cable and the cement matrix is poor and inadequate for an effective load transfer. Experiments using loaded cement specimens with embedded fiber cables inside suggest that the various protective layers present in the cable's construction prevent the fibers from properly sensing any external perturbations up to the specimen's failure and, in some instances, even after failure. Therefore, use of optical fiber cables as direct sensing elements for stress/strain measurements is not recommended for most applications, due to the lack of an appropriate load transfer mechanism and sensitivity. However, they can instead be used as leads to communicate the actual embedded sensors with the outside world.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 1993
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 1918, Smart Structures and Materials 1993: Smart Sensing, Processing, and Instrumentation, (12 July 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147999
Show Author Affiliations
Alexis Mendez, Brown Univ. (United States)
Theodore F. Morse, Brown Univ. (United States)
Lawrence J. Reinhart, Brown Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1918:
Smart Structures and Materials 1993: Smart Sensing, Processing, and Instrumentation
Richard O. Claus, Editor(s)

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