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Proceedings Paper

Sizing of DNA fragments by flow cytometry
Author(s): Mitchell E. Johnson; Peter M. Goodwin; W. Patrick Ambrose; John C. Martin; Babetta L. Marrone; James H. Jett; Richard A. Keller
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Paper Abstract

Individual, stained DNA fragments were sized using a modified flow cytometer with high sensitivity fluorescence detection. The fluorescent intercalating dye ethidium homodimer was used to stain stoichiometrically lambda phage DNA and a Kpn I digest of lambda DNA. Stained, individual fragments of DNA were passed through a low average power, focused, mode-locked laser beam, and the fluorescence from each fragment was collected and quantified. Time-gated detection was used to discriminate against Raman scattering from the water solvent. The fluorescence burst from each fragment was related directly to its length, thus providing a means to size small quantities of kilobase lengths of DNA quickly. Improvements of several orders of magnitude in analysis time and sample size over current gel electrophoresis techniques were realized. Fragments of 17.1, 29.9, and 48.5 thousand base pairs were well resolved, and were sized in 164 seconds. Less than one pg of DNA was required for analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 June 1993
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1895, Ultrasensitive Laboratory Diagnostics, (24 June 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.146730
Show Author Affiliations
Mitchell E. Johnson, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Peter M. Goodwin, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
W. Patrick Ambrose, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
John C. Martin, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Babetta L. Marrone, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
James H. Jett, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Richard A. Keller, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1895:
Ultrasensitive Laboratory Diagnostics
Gerald E. Cohn, Editor(s)

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