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Proceedings Paper

Context recognition and situation assessment in autonomous mobile robots
Author(s): Arie Yavnai
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Paper Abstract

The capability to recognize the operating context and to assess the situation in real-time is needed, if a high functionality autonomous mobile robot has to react properly and effectively to continuously changing situations and events, either external or internal, while the robot is performing its assigned tasks. A new approach and architecture for context recognition and situation assessment module (CORSA) is presented in this paper. CORSA is a multi-level information processing module which consists of adaptive decision and classification algorithms. It performs dynamic mapping from the data space to the context space, and dynamically decides on the context class. Learning mechanism is employed to update the decision variables so as to minimize the probability of misclassification. CORSA is embedded within the Mission Manager module of the intelligent autonomous hyper-controller (IAHC) of the mobile robot. The information regarding operating context, events and situation is then communicated to other modules of the IAHC where it is used to: (a) select the appropriate action strategy; (b) support the processes to arbitration and conflict resolution between reflexive behaviors and reasoning-driven behaviors; (c) predict future events and situations; and (d) determine criteria and priorities for planning, replanning, and decision making.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 1993
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1831, Mobile Robots VII, (4 May 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.143784
Show Author Affiliations
Arie Yavnai, RAFAEL (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1831:
Mobile Robots VII
William J. Wolfe; Wendell H. Chun, Editor(s)

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